centos6.8安装javajdk、tomcat、MySQL环境

Jul 15, 2017 14:12 · 805 words · 2 minute read

jdk安装 🔗

建立一个文件夹存放软件安装包

cd /opt
mkdir setups

建立java安装文件夹

cd /usr
mkdir java

解压文件并移动到java文件夹

tar -zxvf jdk-8u131-linux-x64.tar.gz
mv jdk1.8.0_131 /usr/java

配置环境变量

vim /etc/profile
在末尾添加
JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.8.0_131
  JRE_HOME=$JAVA_HOME/jre
  PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin
  CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/lib/dt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar
  export JAVA_HOME
  export JRE_HOME
  export PATH
  export CLASSPATH

刷新配置

source /etc/profile

检查配置

java -version

Tomcat安装 🔗

下载解压安装

wget http://www-us.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-8/v8.5.16/bin/apache-tomcat-8.5.16.tar.gz
tar -zxvf apache-tomcat-8.5.16.tar.gz
mv apache-tomcat-8.5.16 /usr/tomcat

运行

sh /usr/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.16/bin/startup.sh

在浏览器输入http:ip地址:8080 测试;可以访问则表示成功,如果不可以访问需要配置防火墙规则

进行如下设置并重启防火墙,这里需要注意,由于centos7采用了firewall防火墙,配置方法有所不同,可以参考相关资料

# iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 8080 -j ACCEPT
# service iptables restart

创建脚本文件方便tomcat启动

vim /etc/rc.d/init.d/tomcat

脚本文件如下,将Jdk和tomcat安装路径更换即可

#!/bin/bash  
# description: Tomcat7 Start Stop Restart  
# processname: tomcat7  
# chkconfig: 234 20 80  
JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.8.0_133
export JAVA_HOME  
PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH  
export PATH  
CATALINA_HOME=/usr/tomcat8
case $1 in  
start)  
sh $CATALINA_HOME/bin/startup.sh  
;;   
stop)     
sh $CATALINA_HOME/bin/shutdown.sh  
;;   
restart)  
sh $CATALINA_HOME/bin/shutdown.sh  
sh $CATALINA_HOME/bin/startup.sh  
;;   
esac      
exit 0

设置文件属性和运行服务级别

# chmod a+x tomcat
# chkconfig --add tomcat

测试

service tomcat start
service tomcat stop
service tomcat restart
service tomcat status

安装mysql数据库 🔗

检查是否已经安装

rpm -q mysql-libs
yum remove mysql-libs /** if exists **/

下载安装mysql

wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-server-5.5.56-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-client-5.5.56-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-devel-5.5.56-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh MySQL-server-5.5.56-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh MySQL-client-5.5.56-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh MySQL-devel-5.5.56-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

安装时候需要注意centos系统为6是需要选择上面的版本

开启数据库

service mysql start

设置数据库root账户密码

mysql> use mysql;
mysql> update user set password=PASSWORD("GIVE-NEW-ROOT-PASSWORD") where User='root';
mysql> flush privileges;
mysql> quit

数据库的配置

在mysql5.5中,默认是没有类似 /etc/my.cof的配置文件的,只有在/usr/share/mysql/下可以找到几个cnf后缀的配置文件,是根据内存大小来进行配置的,而如果想要修改编码,可以安装以下步骤

  1. 通过输入命令mysql --help | grep 'Default options' -A 1可以查看mysql5.5读取数据库配置文件的顺序,输出如下

    default options are read from the following files in the given order:
    /etc/my.cnf /etc/mysql/my.cnf /usr/etc/my.cnf ~/.my.cnf
    
  2. 创建配置文件 vi /etc/my.cnf

  3. 进行编码设置

    [client]
    port = 3306
    socket = /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
    default-character-set=utf8
    [mysqld]
    port = 3306
    socket = /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
    character-set-server=utf8
    [mysql]
    no-auto-rehash
    default-character-set=utf8
    
  4. 重启mysqlservice mysql restart

  5. 查看是否生效mysql> show variables like 'char%';

    mysql> show variables like 'char%';
    +--------------------------+----------------------------+
    | Variable_name            | Value                      |
    +--------------------------+----------------------------+
    | character_set_client     | utf8                       |
    | character_set_connection | utf8                       |
    | character_set_database   | utf8                       |
    | character_set_filesystem | binary                     |
    | character_set_results    | utf8                       |
    | character_set_server     | utf8                       |
    | character_set_system     | utf8                       |
    | character_sets_dir       | /usr/share/mysql/charsets/ |
    +--------------------------+----------------------------+
    8 rows in set (0.00 sec)
    

至此,mysql的配置安装也完成。

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